14th August 2011

Hungarian AKM: SAFETY

Hungarian AKM
CAUTION

Failure to heed the warnings in this booklet may result in serious injury to you or others, as well as damage to the firearm or other property. Take note of the following warnings on gun handling before attempting to use your rifle:
1. Don’t rely on your gun’s safety. Treat every gun as if it were loaded and ready to fire.
2. Never cross a fence, climb a tree or jump a ditch with a loaded gun.
3. Never load or carry a loaded gun until you are ready to use it.
4. Watch your muzzle so the other person doesn’t have to.
5. Keep guns and ammunition separately and in locked storage.
6. Don’t shoot unless absolutely sure of your target and what is beyond it.
7. Know the range of your gun.
8. Always wear eye and ear protection when shooting.
9. Always be sure the barrel is clear of obstructions . . . and only carry ammunition specifically intended for the gun you are using.
10. Never handle a gun without first opening it yourself to check to see If it’s loaded.

WARNING
Use only original, high quality, commercially manufactured ammunition which is in good condition. Only use ammunition of the caliber for which your gun is chambered. You will find the correct caliber engraved on the receiver. Never use ammunition of any other caliber. You should always use ammunition that complies with performance standards established by The Sporting Arms and Ammunition Manufacturers’ Institute, Inc.
The use of handloaded, reloaded or other non-standard ammunition will void all warranties.

OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS

AKM Fig.1

SAFETY

The manual safety lever is located on the right side of the receiver.
It is “ON” (safe) when the lever is in the top position (Fig.2).
It is “OFF” (fire) when the level is in the lower position (Fig.3).

AKM Fig.2

When in the “ON” (safe) position, the safety blocks the trigger from being pulled back far enough to release the hammer and discharge the rifle. At the same time, it obstructs the rearward travel of the bolt earner so that it cannot chamber a cartridge.

AKM Fig.3

WARNING
Never carry this rifle with a cartridge in the chamber without having the safety “ON” (safe).
When turning the safety “ON” (safe) or “OFF” (fire), always keep your finger off the trigger and the muzzle pointed in a safe direction.
Never totally depend on a mechanical safety. Always practice cautious gun handling. Always point the muizle in a safe direction.
Always clean all grease and oil from the chamber and the bore before loading. Be sure there is no obstruction in the barrel.
Any foreign object in the barrel could cause a burst barrel or other damage to the firearm as well as serious injury to the shooter or to others.

The safety design of the AKM incorporates a positive “click” sound whenever the safety lever is fully engaged in either the “ON’* (safe) or “OFF” (fire) position. Be certain that you hear the “click” regardless of which position you intend to select and insure that the safety lever is not in between the “ON” (safe) and “OFF” (fire) positions.

Unlike most safeties, the safety on the AKM is placed in a position where it cannot be easily operated by right-handed shooters without first removing the index finger from the trigger.

WARNING
All shooters, regardless if left or right-handed, must remove their hand from the trigger guard when operating the safety in order to avoid the possibility of accidental discharge.
It is highly recommended that the safety be “ON” (safe) whenever the rifle is being transported or otherwise not in use. The safety lever doubles as a dust cover by preventing foreign objects from entering and possibly damaging the rifle’s mechanism.


LOADING

1. To load the magazine, place a round between the magazine lips and press down firmly so that the cartridge snaps into place beneath the retaining lips (Fig. 4). Check to make certain that the bullet tip does not protrude beyond the front portion of the magazine when it is seated into the magazine well. Repeat this procedure until the magazine is full. Maximum capacity of the magazine is thirty (30) rounds. Do not attempt to load more than thirty (30) cartridges as this may damage the magazine spring.
AKM Fig.4

CAUTION
Damaged or bent magazine shell guides will cause malfunctioning. DO NOT FORCE CARTRIDGES.
2. To load the rifle, insert the magazine into the magazine well by hooking the from portion of the magazine into its proper notch located at the front of the magazine well. Push the magazine up and rearward at the same time until the magazine locks into place (Fig. 5).
AKM Fig.4

WARNING
Always remember to unload the chamber after removing the magazine.
Never point a firearm at anything you do not intend to shoot. Always point the muzzle in a safe direction. Keep your fingers off the trigger until you are ready to fire.
Never leave a firearm cocked and ready to fire. It could be discharged accidentally.
Never fire any rifle with any part of your body over or next to the ejection port or in any position where you could possibly be hit by the movement of the action.
Never allow others to stand beside you where they may be hit by an ejected cartridge case. Make certain there is an unobstructed path for safe ejection of the fired case.

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16th October 2010

AK-47

INTRODUCTION

This manual contains necessary blueprints and manufacturing information to make a semi automate AK-47 or similar AK design into a select fire, fully automatic weapon (Select fire means the weapon has a lever that allows the operator to fire the weapon in either one shot bursts, or may select to fire the weapon in the fully automatic mode).

DEFINING THE TERM “SIMILLAR WEAPON”

There are many different manufacturers from different countries trial use the AK-47 design. Conversions #1 and #2 should work on the following rifles:

Valmet…………………………………….Any Caliber
Galil…………………………All Calibers Except .308
Winchester (7.62X51 mm)
Yugoslavs………………………………Any Caliber
Hungarian………………………With (7.62 X 39mm)
Maadi……………………………With (7.62 X 39mm)

Please Note: Due to the large amount of “similar weapons” all are not listed.

The above information has been provided just as a guide, before you attempt to modify any “similar” AK weapon, be very sure that the internal parts are the same as the original.

BEFORE YOU BEGIN

STEP#1 Get the proper license and approval from the U.S. Government B.A.T.F.

STEP #2 Purchase an AK-47 full auto kit.

STEP #3 Read through the book several times so you are familiar with each step of the

STEP #4 Acquire the tools and equipment needed.

STEP #5 Note: This step is very important! If you are not completely familiar with the design and function of the trigger disconnector assembly, you should study it very carefully. Make diagrams, take still pictures or even video tape the location of all of the various parts. Whatever it takes, you must be able to reassemble the complete trigger mechanism.

AK-47
AK47

The most common method of conversion is to purchase the required select fire parts kit. This includes the disconnector, hammer, auto sear, auto seat spring and pin. You must also drill the receiver to install the new auto sear. The location of this sear is quite critical and the holes must be drilled exactly m their proper location. One way to do this is to purchase a template and simply follow the instructions provided with it.

AK47

FULL AUTO PARTS KIT
A. Pin
B. Hammer
C. Disconnector
D. Auto Sear
E. Spring

STEP1

If you do not have a template, use the dimensions on the drawing of Figure 1.

A. With the holes marked and center punched, use a small drill (1/8″ or smaller) to drill a pilot hole. Check to make sure that the holes are in their proper location.

B. Drill a 7mm or 9/32″ hole on the left side and a 5mm or No. 11 size hole on the right side.(The safety/selector lever is the right side). Note: If at all possible use the metric drill bits

C. Install the auto sear pin to check proper fit. You may have to trim the length of this, it should fit flush or just slightly beyond the receiver on the right side.

AK-47 Figure 1

STEP 2
MODIFYING THE BOLT GUIDE RAIL METHOD 1 FIGURE 2

The boll rail on the fight side of the receiver must also be modified. This must be done so the auto sear trip arm will project above the bolt rail, engaging the cam on the full auto bolt carrier.
There are two ways to modify the bolt rail assembly. Method 1 is to completely remove a section of this rail (see Fig. 2). Caution: You should not remove mote that a 1/2” wide section, removing more than 1/2″ may result h the bolt dropping into this opening and jamming the weapon.

AK 47 Figure 2

MODIFYING THE BOLT GUIDE RAIL METHOD 2 FIGURE 2A

The second way to accomplish this is to create a slot that the trip lever arm of the auto sear will pass through. This slot method is the best way, but takes a little more work. It also works better on the second conversion method included in this book, as the length of the slot can be made longer to accommodate the altered angle of the auto sear. The length of the slot can be increased to end just above the rivit location, which, is reworked to accept the auto sear.

1. To create this slot you must drill a series of holes with a 1/16” drill. Caution: This must be done slow and easy so you do not break the drill bit or distort the holes.

AK 47 Figure 2A

2. With a file or dremel tool, remove the metal between the holes (see Fig. 2A). You may find it easier to drill up from the magazine well when drilling these holes.

3. You must also remove the side portion of the rail directly below the series of holes, allowing the auto sear lo rest against the inside of the receiver.

STEP3
REWORKING THE SAFETY
LEVER STOP
FIGURE 3

This stop must be bent out at approximately a 45 degree angle. Place a piece of metal approximately 1/8″ thick behind this stop and against the receiver. Now with a small hammer, bend the stop so it is parallel with the side of the receiver. The safety lever now is also the selector lever. Now the selector lever will pass between this slop and the receiver (Fig. 3).

AK 47 Figure 3
AK 47

STEP4
CREATING A SELECTOR LEVER DETENT
FIGURE 1

To find the location of the select fire detent, move the safety /selector from the upper most position down to its lowest position passing behind the stop. The safety lever protrusion will automatically create a mark against the receiver, showing its arch of travel. You may need to move the safety lever several times to easily see the mark. Locate the dimension 1.060 along the arch measured from the top of the receiver, as in drawing, Figure 1. The safety/selector lever will now click into a third position which is just below the semi automatic position.
After you have found the location, you must create a detent that the selector lever will set into (on most guns this is an elongated groove). You may wish to duplicate this detent by using a standard rotary file, readily available for dremel tools. This detent can be created by using 1/4” drill bit and drilling just into the metal.
Caution: Do not drill through the metal. For the location of this detent, see Figure 1-A.

AK-47
AK-47

STEP 5
FULL AUTO VS SEMI AUTO BOLT CARRIERS

To complete the conversion, your rifle roust have a full auto bolt carrier. Many AK or ‘similiar” rifles imported into the U.S. have a full auto bolt carrier, but were manufactured as semi auto weapons. At this point you must determine if your rifle has a full or semi auto bolt carrier. The full auto bolt carrier will have the projecting cam surface as shown in Figure 6.
If your bolt carrier does not already have the ramp or cam as in Figure 6, it is a semi auto bolt earner and must be modified.

AK-47

MODIFYING THE SEMI AUTO BOLT CARRIER
METHOD 1 FIGURE 6

The semi auto bolt carrier does not have the auto sear cam surface on the right side, so one must be created. To do this simply build up the surface by welding, which can easily be done with a wire welder. Fill this area in with weld, then grind off the excess.

See Figure 6.

MODIFYING THE SEMI AUTOBOLT CARRIER
METHOD 2 FIGURE 6

This cam surface can be created by grinding a separate piece of hardened steel, which is then placed onto the carrier, as in Figure 6 and silver soldered into place. This method will give you years of trouble free service.

STEP 6
REASSEMBLY

The final step in your conversion to select fire is to reassemble your rifle using the parts provided in the full auto parts kit. Do not reuse the semi auto hammer. Assemble the trigger disconnector assembly.

You are ready to check the timing of the bolt with the movement of the auto sear, which should release the hammer when the bolt is approximately 1/16″ to 3/32″ from being completely closed. If adjustment is needed, simply add to or remove some of the ramp or cam surface that was added to the bolt carrier in the previous steps.

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16th October 2010

AK-47: historical background

The current AK-47 and similar designed weapons have evolved from the MP 43, a select fire carbine chambered for the 7.92mm cartridge.

During World War II, Russian Troops captured the German army facility where the MP 43 assault rifles were manufactured. Also seized were several prototype weapon designs, as well as the personnel working at the facility. The newly acquired information, products, and captives were sent to Russia.

The first Soviet weapon manufactured in 1946, was the semi automatic SKS, which has a 7.62mm X 39mm cartridge The SKS was soon replaced by the Automat Kalashnikov or AK-47, named after the weapons designer, Sgt. Mikhail T. Kalashnikov.

The AK-47 rifle was used by the Soviet Army between 1949 and 1961. In 1959, Kalashnikov redesigned the AK-47 and the weapon was then known as the AKM. The main differences between the two weapons are the AKM has a stamped, rather than a milled receiver, a ribbed receiver cover, fluted gas cylinder tube and a rear sight graduating to 1,000 meters.

Currently the Soviets have again modified the basic AK design into the AK-74 It is chambered with a new 5.45 X 39mm round with very high velocity. The AK-74 action « scaled down somewhat to accommodate the new round and is the first AK to have a muzzle brake.

Another version of the AK is the Swedish Valmet and is available in both 7.62mm X 39mm and 5.56m X 45mm Nato calibers.

The Israel made Galil is still another Kalashnikov copy, available m 7.62 Nato, as well as .223.

A semi auto only AKM is produced in Egypt and is pure Kalashnikov design, right down to the Russian machinery, which Egypt acquired in its Pro-Soviet days.
Other countries offering weapons with the AK design are East Germany, Poland, Bulgaria. South Africa, and North Korea.

The basic design of the AK-47 has not been changed in over 40 years, only improved. The weapon proves to be durable, extremely reliable and will probably be used in combat well into the 21st century.

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